03-06-2011, 05:55 AM
: Feb 2011
: 66

Introduction and Classification:-The official and public positions and opinions towards the Southern issue locally and internationally, have shown a deep misunderstanding of its nature. Particularly, there is lack of knowledge in the historical, political and legal foundations that reflect the Justice and legitimacy of this issue and its main objectives, which lie in the disengagement from the Yemeni regime and the restoration of the Southern independent country. That is all to be achieved by conducting a referendum on self-determination for the south. Thus, we have decided to write this summary, in order to establish a foundation stone for our case, which will eventually lead the observers to make a logical and fair opinion. As southern youths, we have been concerned with the wrong addressing for our issue, and we believe that this message though brief can give a key understanding to explore and identify the merits of the case, not as how the Yemeni regime misrepresent it. Since we respect our readers and believe in the legitimacy of our case, we have only highlighted the significant facts and historical events, which formed the southern issue and produced its implications impartially, without a prior imposition of personal interpretation and analysis. Based on the latter mentioned, we have divided our letter into three main sections:

First: A Brief Historical Background On The Southern Issue
The emergence of the southern issue goes back to the 22 May 1990, the date of declaring the merge unity between the Yemen Arab Republic (North) and People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (South). Substantially, Yemeni unity has failed, because the Northern regime aborted all the attempts to reform it or reach a compromise between the two sides. Accordingly, the Sana'a regime totally eliminated the unity project and replaced it with forced annexation of the south land and people by force arms, in a devastating (72) days war. This in turn, ended in the exclusion of the southern partner, and the displacement of its leadership who signed the unity treaty, and eventually expelled them outside the county. In addition, they were also referred to trial and were sentenced to death. Most of them still live overseas up to this moment, including three former southern presidents. This is in general the substance of the matter. Because the present is an extension to the past and it is actually based on it, a brief historical overview has to be given in order to understand the southern issue thoroughly based on the mentioned facts.
So, the below points are brief historical background to approach the topic:
1) On 19 January 1839, After encountering a fierce resistance and asymmetrical warfare with the people of Aden, the British occupied the city, which was then following the Sultanate of Al-Abdally, one of the sheikhdom and sultanates of the so-called South Arabia located on the geographic area stretching from the Sultanate of Oman in the east to the strait of Bab-Al Mandab and the Red sea in the west, and from the Arab Sea in the south, to borders of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the state of the Shia Zaidi Imams late known as the Arab Republic of Yemen. That Shia Zaidi state ruled North Yemen for more than thousand years (late third century AH until the late fourteenth century AH), during which failed in numerous attempts to takeover South Arabia.

(Map illustrates the territory of South Arabia and its capital Aden, and Arab Republic of Yemen and its capital Sana'a)

2) The British occupation lasted in South Arabia (later People's Democratic Republic of Yemen) for one hundred and twenty-nine years, during which the Southerners continued in their resistance and uprisings against this occupation. This in turn, culminated in launch of the revolution on 14 October 1963, which adopted armed struggle against the British for four years. This finally resulted in the departure of colonialism and attaining the independence on 30 November 1967. Then, the People's Republic of South Yemen was declared and led by the National Liberation Front, which was affected by nationalism and leftist (socialist) ideology in the fifties and sixties of last century.
3) The independent state led by the National Liberation Front, eliminated the all previous sheikhdoms, sultanates, and emirates and also displaced their leaders. The new republic was then divided into six governorates, Aden, Lahj, Abyan, Shabwah, Hadramout, and Mahara

(Map of People's Democratic Republic of Yemen according to that division)
In 1969 the country adopted the Scientific socialist thought in nationalizing the private properties ,this conducive to the escaping of national capitals to neighboring countries. Thus, it was loyal to the eastern bloc and accordingly the Socialist Party of Yemen was established in October 1978, and the name of the country changed to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. One of its main objectives was to attain the unity with the Arab Republic of Yemen, which was declared in 26 September 1962, after a military coup against the Zaidi Imami rule, and became in contrast, a semi-capitalist country, and was loyal to the western bloc. As a result to the systematic difference between the two sides, three wars have erupted followed by negotiating sessions, leading to agreements on achieving the unity between the two countries, which somehow failed in the beginnings.
4) On 22 May, 1990, the unity was declared between the two ruling systems, represented by presidents Ali Adullah Saleh of Arab Republic of Yemen, and Ali Salem Al-Beidh of People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. The declaration set a transition stage for two years and six months, during which the institutions of two countries will be integrated, and establishing of the new state, which was called (Republic of Yemen), will be completed. A referendum on the unity was not conducted for peoples of the two countries. However, none of the conventions and signed charters was implemented during or after the transitional period. This was a historical glance on the south issue, which we believe is important to understand it clearly.

Second: The Emergence of the South Issue and Its Stages of Development:

The southern issue have been through three main stages:

First stage:
The Emergence of the Issue (22/5/1990- to- 7/7/1994):

The emergence of the south issue associated and synchronized with the declaration of the unity between the Arab Republic of Yemen and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen on 22 May, 1990, under a new state named the Republic of Yemen. This unity was born crippled and unable to move or even stand properly, as stated in evidence below:

I) Once the declaration of the unit in 1990, it was obvious that the northern regime had already an implicit intention to take over the south and add it into its authority particularly, to acquire the vast land (350.000 square kilometer), the strategic, wide long shores, and its rich natural resources, which was considered as war booty for the northern regime. This was clearly demonstrated in their attitude after the unity, and was confirmed in the testimonies of their leaders which was mentioned in recently published diaries of Sheikh Abdullah Bin Hussain Al-Ahmer and Sheikh Sinan Abu-Luhoom . In contrast, the unity was seen by the southerners as a national dream to build a modern and prosperous Yemen.

II) The southern leadership moved to Sana'a, the capital city of the new state, as per the unity treaty. This leadership also waived the presidential position to the northern regime, in order to demonstrate a sincere intention and a willingness to build a modern and stable Yemen. However, they were surprised by the Yemeni regime reneging the unity agreements and aborting all the attempts to fulfill them during the transition period. Not only this, but also tried actively to get rid of the southern partner by all legal and illegal means. Consequently, the institutions merge between the two countries failed, except of ostensible merges in presidency, parliament, and government leaderships. Most of the institutions remained under their previous leadership, even though following apparently the cabinet of the unity. The military and security forces specifically did not witness any kind of merge, and each followed its own commandership before the unity.

III) Sanaa regime took practical measures to exclude its partner, for instance by recruiting the extremist of Afghanistan (Mujahedeen) to assassinate the most prominent leaders of the south based on ideological and religious justifications. This resulted in assassinating (152) leaders, during the transition stage only, without arresting any of the convicts. Due to the absolute rejection for the unity project from Sana'a leaders, a Political crisis emerged between the partners only three months after the declaration of unity. Accordingly, president of south Ali Salem Al-Beidh moved back to Aden and refused to return to Sana'a unless the northern leadership accomplishes all the unity agreements, and considers the south with its national project a real partner in the unity. Nevertheless, all of what was agreed upon with the mediation committees was reneged by the north before the ink is dry! It was not until the 1993 elections were held, when all the southern people voted for their leaders who refused the injustice and exclusion of the south partner.
IV) Although, aborting and disabling all the unity agreements by the northern regime, was enough for the south to declare the disengagement from the unity, and reinstate to the situation before 1990. On the basis of the greatness of the unity achievement and the southern leadership desire to maintain it, the southerners with other progressive forces under Arab and international auspices, tried to reach a new formula that will help in building a unified and modern Yemen, instead of returning to the previous situation. A of Pledge and Accord between northern and southern leaders was signed in Amman, Jordan on 20 February 1994, but this agreement though ineffective to solve the problem in its different aspects, it was seen by the Yemeni president and his political partner (Islamic Reform Party- Al-Eslah), as a threat and a real coup on their tribal family project to rule Yemen. When they realized that this agreement might end their regime, they signed it apparently under local and regional pressure, while they took in advance their decision to take a military action against the southern progressive national plans. Yemeni regime announced the war against the south by its president from Al-Sabeen square (Seventeenth Square) in Sana'a in 27/4/1994. Then, the military activities started in 5/5/1994, and the theatre of operations was on the southern land.
Besides the Yemeni regime, northern tribes participated in the war in addition to more than 20.000 Yemeni and Arab members of Al Qaeda who returned from Afghanistan, as stated officially later on. Also, Sana'a regime considered this as a holy and religious war against the enemies of Allah from infidels, atheists and communists, as they claimed. So, their scholars issued a fatwa, permits killing of Southerners, their women and children
This is a video link to the advisory opinion mentioned on YouTube

Literal of the fatwa:
"We all know that the socialist party , its oppressors and its rebels. These if we count their number we find that they are very little and limited and also unless their supporters and agents stood by their side they couldn't do what they had done in their black history . They openly declared apostasy, atheism, prostitution and corruption . Those who are head of sedition , if not their agents and supporters stood by them , they neither imposed atheism on any one nor declared corruption, nor violated taboos . They did what they did with things, such as those who are called Muslims to day, the army that gave his loyalty to this faction. We,here, have to give clarification and legitimacy judgment on this statement: Scholars agreed that when fighting, if fighting between Muslims and non-Muslims, if hoarding the enemies of Islam to a range of Muslims vulnerable women, elderly and children, but if you do not kill them they will be able to break into the home and kill more of Muslims, and permit the state of Islam and violates the symptoms if they killed them, evil is smaller than the corrupting implications of the enemy, we must overcome if the consensus of the Muslims for killing these vulnerable people who do not fight so how about standing and fighting and carrying a weapon this is first...It is the second in a row who have been fighting the rebels they want heighten the flag of disbelief and lower the flag of Islam, and scientists say that it that those who enjoy lowering the flag of Islam are hypocrites but if it was announced they will be shown as an apostate. "
V) The southern army resisted and fought against North Yemeni army and its tribal and Jihadist allies along the borders between the two sides, in a ferocious war lasted for over seventy days. Because of the dismemberment of the southern army between the north and the south, and lack of military readiness, the Sana'a-tribal-Jihadist coalition defeated the southern army and invaded the south land.
VI) Sanaa regime rejected to all the Arab, regional and international mediations to cease the war,and refused to obey the Security Council resolutions number (931924) for 1994. to facilitate access to those decisions and supply links to access the following:

Link Resolution No. (924) for the year 1994

Link resolution No. (931) for the year 1994

[/URL]for the year 1994, which require ceasing the war and returning to dialogues between the two sides to find the proper solutions for their problems, which was contained in the Arab states and Arab league positions, which have all emphasized the inadmissibility of the imposition of unity by force. After all this, and under the pressure of people protesting in Aden and other Southern cities demanding their leadership to announce the disengagement with the north, the southern leaders had nothing to do, but announcing it in 21/5/1994 after sixteen days of total war against the south. Whereas, northern forces continued moving towards Aden and other cities in the south, until they tightened siege on Aden and isolated it from other southern cities. The power stations was destroyed during the severe summer, and cities were bombed with artillery, missiles and aircraft. Furthermore, water supplies were cut off after controlling the headwaters in the neighboring province of Lahj. The invaders rejected all the efforts of the international and humanitarian organizations and also the resolutions of the Security Council to restart the water supplies located on outskirts of Aden, which were stopped by the invasive savage tribes. That made the people of Aden and surrounding areas digging wells by hand, and stands in queues in the sweltering summer while bombs and missiles are falling on their heads and Claim the lives of thousands of them.
VII) The humanitarian and living situation in Aden for its inhabitants became miserable under a barbaric and immoral siege. It was a humanitarian disaster because the houses, Mosques, and public buildings were full of displaced people who fled from areas ravaged by the invaders, and areas of combat zones on the outskirts of Aden. Thousands of people were killed by the fire of heavy artillery and missiles, and hospitals were unable to receive increasing number of wounded people and dead bodies. . In the face of this tragic situation, the southern leadership had no choice but to cease the fight and leave to neighboring countries to spare the blood of civilians which was shed by the invading savage tribes.

VIII) Aden was shocked on 7/7/1994 by the barbarian invasion of the northern forces and tribes, after the withdrawal of the southern army and its commanders. It was exposed to a moral and humanitarian disaster which it has never witnessed in its history, and only happened in the defining moments of human history, which has been handled by the memory of generations as the most hideous form in which human beings stripped of their humanity and values. The day of invading Aden brought to human mind the Mongol Tatar invasion of Baghdad, the capital of the Islamic caliphate in the seventh century and the destruction, looting and the burning of libraries, mosques and stores. The Sana'a invading hordes brought that dark image back on 7/7/1994, when they destroyed and looted all the physical and cultural elements of modern city, in a Hooligan scene that can never be forgotten by its people. Everything was stolen and robbed starting from schools, hospitals, libraries, museums, public facilities, and even embassies and consulates. What happened in Aden cannot be described. This city used to be in its long history, a center for intellectual enlightenment and civilization in all the region, when it embraced all comers from various parts of the globe and gave them security, love and knowledge without discrimination, and amongst them the northern revolutionaries and liberals, who fled from their tormentors the Imams of Sana'a,Yahya Bin Hameed Addin and his sons but the reward was inappropriate, and this is a reward that Aden deserves from the descendants of Alnuman and Zubairy . What happened to Aden, also happened in other southern cities, but the impact was more painful for Aden, because it gave everything to the Northerners during and after their revolution in the sixteenth of the century.

Second Stage: The Collapse of the Legitimacy of the Unity and the Eradication of Its Noble Values (June, 1994 January, 2006)

If the invading war of the south eradicated the legitimacy of the unity politically and legally, the attitude of Sana'a regime in the south after the war towards the southern people and their land, history, culture, and identity, has destroyed all the noble values and concepts of the unity as a national dream for them to a nightmare in their lives. In the name of the unity, the rights were confiscated, wealth was plundered, freedoms were violated, and dignities were trampled on the thresholds of the Northern regime and its prisons, until the pain and moan of the southerners became a betrayal to the unity which only exists in the pockets and accounts of the northern leaders and their followers. Therefore, this stage has taken two tracks, one is an organized destruction and looting of the south, the other is a rejection to the tyranny against the south.

First Track: The Destruction of the South:

Sana'a regime ,after the exclusion of its partner and the annexation of the south by force of arms, uncovered the truth about the concept of unity in its point of view which is extended to its Shea Imams ancestors, who considered the south a village or a branch to their Yemen mother land (particularly Sana'a). So, Sana'a regime took the following steps, after controlling the south by its army, tribes, and Mujahedeen on 7/7/1994:
I)The first step was to eliminate all the signed agreement with the south, including the constitution of the unity and the of Pledge and Accord in Amman, Jordan. The constitution was changed, and the ruling system was changed from collective governance (Presidency Council) to individual ruling system by the president who combined all the authorities, and is not subjected to any accountability or observation. In other words, the old system of the Arab Republic of Yemen (North) was replaced with unity system and constitution.
II) Demobilization of the southern army, which was seen as a threat to their regime, by displacing the top commanders of the army, redistributing and dispersing the army battalions in the northern army brigades. So as to succeed in this, they had to get rid of most of the southern officers by demobilizing them or force them stay home, without assigning any positions or military functions to them, and even without giving them any promotions or financial incentives. This was a preface to refer them to retirement, when it was still capable to serve and qualified more than the existed northern commanders, who are relatives to the president of Sana'a and from his tribe. By doing this he achieved what he intends from not merging the two armies during the transition period in order to preserve as a tribal institution to ensure his survival in power and eliminate his opponents.
III) Eliminate and plunder all the southern institutions, and share as spoils of war, between the warlords from the ruling family, tribal leaders, and Mujahedeen. Then, demobilizing the employees of the institutions and force them stay homes even without getting paid. Thats not all, but they also sold some of them and distributed other productive and industrial institutions to their tribal, military, and most influential leaders, in the name of privatization, which was only confined to the south.
IV) The south placed under a tight military and security grip, by involving a large number of their army units in the south, and divides it into military zones. Within each area, military sectors were established, and the commander of this sector had the supreme authority on the whole region. He also got involved in the civil affairs and interrupted the people issues, instead of the judiciary. Also, through tribal arbitration that require what is called by northern tribes (Aladl), which is (cars, weapons, or money) given by the parties of the problem, to the military commander before even judging, other than the money paid to him and his soldiers. Thus, Southerners returned to the stage of the pre-state and even worse.
V)Because Sana'a regime realizes more than anyone else its illegitimate existence in the south so, its leaders tried by all illegal means to give themselves some legitimacy by seducing the people and pay them bribes, and sometimes using some southern individuals due to their neediness in order to represent the southerners apparently.

Second Track: Southern Rejection to the Tyranny of Sana'a Regime
In despite of difficult Economic condition imposed by the outcome of the war of summer 1994 on the South ,and strict Military and Security imposed on the South; however, the Southerner rejection to tyranny imposed by Sanaa regime continued from moment that Sanaa controlled South in different forms and from different ,group, associations and individuals ,we can summarized as:

1)Rejection begun by (MOJ) movement ,founded in abroad after war of summer 1994,and it play historical role to face psychological defeat for people of the South after the war, and let the South Issue be present for seven year in overseas.
2) Group to reform unification way : attained immediately after the war ,and state the idea of(remove the effects of War and reform unification convention) and specified the way to remove the affect of War by four points:

A) Revoke religious fatwa against South Yemeni's which classified them as infidel and declared a war against South and turned South as booty.
B) Return public and private properties that looted by Sanaa regime leaders under influence of wrong fatwa and consider it as negative outcome of war.
C) Reform all Southern securities and military bases and equipments and civilian institutions as it was before the War.
D) Revoke provisions against list of South Yemen leaders which included (16) members and consider it as fault statement, and return back displaced persons to Home and return their properties.
(HATM) movement: called for self-determination and use armed struggle since its start on 1997.
4) National Alliance : this movement was extension of MOJ movement and it's first attempt to find political tools to introduce South Issue locally and tried to get permission from authority were refused to allow it.
5) Peoples Committees: these committees were the initiatives of local people activities, it was great idea, but opposition parties were anti-committee which encouraged Sanaa regime to suppress it.
6) South Yemenis Forum :this forum were form by South Yemeni's who live in Sanaa they start to claim for rights only, but still it angered Sanaa regime but it able to stop the campaign carried out against rest of south Yemeni's who work in Government and maintained some of their rights ,where it forms the seed of peaceful movement.
7) Independent Assembly: this was extension of "group to reform unification way" and its member separated from Socialist party the previous dominated party in South Yemen.
8) TAJ party: founded on 2004 in London(UK) call for self-determination for South and it quickly spread inside South provinces ,it participate to define South issue internationally and became main member of southern movement allies.
9) Associations of Retired civilian and military employees: these associations played main role to emergence of South Peaceful Movement ,specially military members who form a backbone of South Movement and it's first one to break the barrier of fear when protested on (Al-aroad square) in Khormaksar on 7/7/2007, and opened a wide field to peaceful demonstration with help of other such as Youth, Unemployed and civil society associations.

Third Stage: South Peaceful Revolution (movement).

In accordance with normal functioning of historical event that imposed by causality(Cause and Effect),the Situation imposed by tyranny regime of Sanaa to South since 7/7/1994,by using oppression tools, tribal heritage cultural that practice booty and cheating, and use "Divide and Rule"...etc, inevitably lead to revolution of South to current situation imposed by Sanaa regime where South people's feel that they are out of contemporary life and backward to earlier centuries with no hopes and aspirations, due to suffering and pain feeling the revolution movement clearly explicit the issue publicly , and for the dangerous way that Sanaa regime use to secure and consolidate its tyranny by drive and inject a division and discord among southern people by remind a past-conflict and crisis of South the first steps of South Revolution is not to give chance to Sanaa regime to exploit South past-conflict's by enact the principle of "Reconciliation and Tolerance" among South Yemeni's; hence, the first Forum for "Reconciliation and Tolerance" was held in Aden on Jan 13,2006 in Radfan Charitable Association Headquarter, after that followed by established "Reconciliation and Tolerance "forums in all Southern provinces and cities ,Sanaa regime brutally confronted organizers and detained activists and close Radfan Associations Headquarters in Aden; however, the South reconciliation and tolerance continued to pace by interaction of all South People's ,then during time the Associations of Southern retired Military and Civilian were establish, and Youth, Students Association and much of political and Cultural organization were formed , protesters goes to Streets to announce refusal and revolt against tyranny of Sanaa regime, South People's shout loudly in the face of Sanaa regime saying "leave the land of South and No unification by force", Sanaa regime tried to oppress revolution by using various types of forces and intelligent ware ,but it fails and Southern Movement widely scattered and expanded everywhere in South provinces and cities ,and the barrier of fear displaced which Sanaa regime imposed on South over the past twelve years to inaugurate officially peaceful revolution of South Yemenis with objective of Self-determination.

And this is a brief summary of developments of events of revolutions:
1) South people revolted after 7/7/2007 stretched from Almahara province Eastern To Bab-El-Mandeb strait Western, flying the South Yemen National flag and demand for self-determination and independence from north Yemen.
2)Even though oppression ways, killing, and detained imposed by Sanaa regime to suppress South revolt, but this revolution has grown in strength and continuous ,Sanaa regime couldn't stop it, but success to divert world attention and block international media, the most important way Sanaa regime use to divert world attention is by using Al-Qaeda cells which has strong relation with Sanaa regime since the war against South in period May 1990-1994 ... , on despite fail to link Al-Qaeda with South Movement, however, relatively successes in raising serious concern and wary to neighboring countries and developed countries about Al-Qaeda threat which make these countries a afraid to get closer to Southern Movement or understand their demand, with wrong judgment of Realities of situation in Yemen by emphasize unity of Yemen the only guarantor to stability and peace to secure interests of those countries from Al-Qaeda threats, while the fact is confirm and insist no peace and stability in Yemen without resolution to South issue.
3) Sanaa regime took advantage to the fear and wary of neighboring countries and the world from Al-Qaeda to strongly oppress South Movement, kill South people everywhere, and detain South leaders and activists without trial accept know-leaders who faced intelligent court judgment with 4 to 10 years imprisonment sentenced ,and targeting cities by heavy weapons(tank, canons )...etc destroying private houses and properties.
4)Because of critical circumstance and situation it was essential to have organized framework for South Movement, and began this efforts on 2008 by establishing supreme National Council of Liberation and Restoration of South state" headed by respected leader Mr/ Hassan Ahmed Baom which make South issue as supper Priority to its political strategic and platform, also it has been established during the period from Nov 2008 to March 2009 three South political entities (movements) all adopt independence and Restoration of South as main goal. Here the name of movements:-
A)National Southern Authority.
B)Supreme National Authority for Independence of South.
C)South National Movement(NAJAH)
many political ,Social ,tribal and academics persons were joined to movement, also South Yemeni's communities who live abroad formed Associations in places where they live to support goal of independence of South.
5) After founded all of indicated authorities and Associations the dialogues begins to find way to unified entities, those efforts culminated in merger of all entities in May 9,2009 under one institutional framework named "South Revolutionary Command Council' headed by Mr. Hassan Ahmed Baom, then the name changed to Supreme Council of South Peaceful Movement, the most important objective(goal) to this Council is independent and the restoration of South state, and appointed Mr. Ali Salem Al-Beidh as legitimate president of South, Mr. Ali Salem engaged since his attained in Germany after long exile in Oman since 1994 to adopt the goal of revolution and leadership of South by declaring statement on 21/May/2009.
6)Oppression and butchery of Sanaa regime to South Peoples, assignations, kidnapping and detain Southern rebels , more than five hundred casualties and thousands wounded and imprisoned with ashamed ignorance of Arab countries and all Human rights and Humanitarian organizations, despite all appeal and call for help by South people.

7) Sanaa regime tried to imposed tight securities grip in main southern provinces such (Aden ,Hadrumot) by strengthen forces existence by sending thousands of troops and Soldiers of different division such(Central Security, National Security Guard, and Intelligent cells),and was able to limit Southern movement activities for a few months in mentioned cites ,however, by social networking across internet the Aden Youth's success to revolt in Feb 11,2011 and success to break the security barriers by gathering on streets and Public Squares and set-up Camps, the reaction of Sanaa regime were aggressive and bloody specially when demonstrations attained and struggle to North Yemen cites, Sana'a regime pleaded(give excuse) to its aggressive manner to South protesters by saying "South Youths raise the independent goal which threats the unity, which lead Youth in Aden and Mukalla to demand for "overthrow the Sanaa regime" as strategy to avoid massacre and to not give a regime chance to kill South People's, Sanaa regime angered for this step, because it want to convince to North People if the regime overthrown the South will separated and will lose South Wealth. is the Human conscience will remain silent on these crimes against Humanity ,after more than twenty five casualties and two hundred wounded on a few days from Feb 10 to Feb 26 2011.

Third: Invitation for contemplation

We call in this message with careful consideration of previous events and facts with impartially thinks and free of irrational passion or any prior convictions , and in case found this information is not sufficient to analyze(figure) out South issue clearly, we urge you to search and viewing everything related to South issue ,we put multiple sources links about South issue here.
We included this report indicating important points to hands of researchers which will help to understand South issue:
1) South people and their leaderships dedicated on the goal of unity with North viewing as dream of Arab nation strategy while North people classify unity as child return to parent land ,and unit of geography not unity of Souls and interest between two nations.
2)The uniqueness of land and people between South and North just a fake emotional slogan ,disapproved by facts and history of South Arabian Peninsula, it is sufficient prove that South was region of units Sultanates and Emirates and didn't mention name of Yemen to South through ages.
3) All religious laws and prevailing international conventions today decided not to allow the imposition of unity by force and give to all people right for self-determination.
4) South Issue's totally differ from other conflicts and issues existing in the World such (South Sudan, Somalia, North Iraq and Sahara in Morocco), because it is issue between two countries recognized by united Nation and World.
5) What exists between the North and South is not unity in accordance with all legal political and Ethical concepts, but it is considered to be worse than foreign occupation, and continuation of this situation constitute a threat to regional security and stability, and even threat to unity of Arab nations and integration of Islamic nations.
6) Past twenty years of unity didn't prove the fails of unity, but also fails socially and culturally ,and both nations didn't accept each other culturally ,and become essential to save goodwill between nations by returns as previous situations(two states),and thinking thoroughly with new formulas for establishing brotherly relationship between two nations.
7) The South Yemenis based on their culture ,Arab and Islamic identities still believe in Arab unity based on the foundation of realistic and utilitarian values as ambitious goal and ideological value, but geography and annexation unit prove its failure and creates further division and fragmentation of the Arab .
8) South issue put on your hands of every seeker of truth and keen for justice and equity, and who keen on security and stability in this important region of the World.

Correspondence and southern informative ation team (Wasel)